In addition to fat tissue, the processed fraction contains numerous capillaries with perivascular cells called pericytes. By way of mechanical fat tissue comminution, the tissue – together with the vessels is fragmented and as a result the pericytes are released and subsequently transform into Medicinal Signaling Cells.
They are capable of transforming themselves into various types of specialized cells, such as cartilage, muscle, bone, tendons, ligaments and fat. Medicinal Signaling Cells also inhibit cicatrization processes, improve vascularization, stop the process of cell death due to hypoxia and effectively enhance the natural regenerative ability of the tissues. Through the production of LL-37 protein – a „natural antibiotic” – the Medicinal Signaling Cells have anti-inflammatory and bactericidal properties.
Therefore, adipose medicinal signaling cells are a valuable tool for regenerative medicine, used to treat a number of conditions, such as poorly healing wounds, burns, fecal incontinence, the degenerative lesions of joints, the reconstruction of bone and cartilage tissues, the degeneration of intervertebral discs (black disc), as well as being used in plastic surgery and aesthetic medicine.